Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure where the female genitals are deliberately cut, injured or changed, but there’s no medical reason for this to be done. It’s also known as female circumcision or cutting, and by other terms, such as sunna, gudniin, halalays, tahur, megrez and khitan, among others.
What is a Khatna in female?
FGM is practised by the Dawoodi Bohra, a sect of Shia Islam with one million members in India. Known as khatna, khafz, and khafd, the procedure is performed on six- or seven-year-old girls and involves the total or partial removal of the clitoral hood.
How long do you go to jail for FGM?
It replaced the Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985, extending the ban on female genital mutilation to address the practice of taking girls abroad to undergo FGM procedures, and increased the maximum penalty from 5 to 14 years’ imprisonment.
Is circumcision good or bad?
no risk of infants and children getting infections under the foreskin. easier genital hygiene. much lower risk of getting cancer of the penis (although this is a very rare condition and good genital hygiene also seems to reduce the risk. More than 10,000 circumcisions are needed to prevent one case of penile cancer)
Is mutilation a crime?
Maiming has often been a criminal offense; the old law term for a special case of maiming of persons was mayhem, an Anglo-French variant form of the word. Maiming of animals by others than their owners is a particular form of the offense generally grouped as malicious damage.
What are the signs of FGM?
Signs FGM might have taken place
Having difficulty walking, standing or sitting.
Spending longer in the bathroom or toilet.
Appearing quiet, anxious or depressed.
Acting differently after an absence from school or college.
Reluctance to go to the doctors or have routine medical examinations.
What is the law about FGM?
Under section 5A and schedule 2 of the 2003 Act, provision is made for FGM Protection Orders. An FGM Protection Order is a civil law measure which provides a means of protecting and safeguarding victims and potential victims of FGM. They contain conditions to protect a victim or potential victim.11-Feb-2021
Where is FGM illegal?
Significantly, of the 55 million girls (aged 0–14) who have experienced or are at risk of FGM across the 28 countries: ▪ 50% of them are in 3 countries that have anti-FGM laws (Egypt, Ethiopia and Nigeria); and ▪ 30% of them are in the 6 countries without current anti-FGM laws (Chad, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone,
Why did God want circumcision?
Circumcision was enjoined upon the biblical patriarch Abraham, his descendants and their slaves as “a token of the covenant” concluded with him by God for all generations, an “everlasting covenant” (Genesis 17:13), thus it is commonly observed by two (Judaism and Islam) of the Abrahamic religions.
Is it cruel to circumcise a baby?
In general, newborn circumcision is a low-risk procedure. However, as with any procedure, there is some risk involved. The two most common risks are bleeding and infection. We’ll ask you if there is a family history of bleeding disorders such as hemophilia before we perform the circumcision.05-Sep-2017
What is the best age to be circumcised?
found that the risk of premature ejaculation is higher in children circumcised after age 7 (23). Children who are under the 1 year old are excluded in these discussions. These findings suggest that it is better to perform circumcision when boys are < 1 year old, when the anesthesia complications are also at a minimum.
What are the two kinds of mutilation?
PIP: The two major types of female genital mutilation include clitoridectomy and excision with infibulation.
Is maiming illegal?
Mayhem in the U.S. is a felony in all states and jurisdictions, including federal. In other states where laws defining mayhem (or maiming) are in place, the maximum punishment for mayhem is generally around 10 to 20 years, and mandatory minimum terms of imprisonment may also apply, depending on the laws of the state.
Why is FGM a crime?
FGM is a criminal offence. It is a form of violence against women and girls, and in the latter case it is child abuse. All CPS decisions – whether to charge or to advise no further action (NFA) – must be approved by a Director of Legal Services and all cases notified to the DLS Team upon receipt from the police.17-Oct-2019
What are the signs of breast ironing?
Some signs that a girl is at risk from breast ironing include:
Unusual behaviour after an absence from school or college including depression, anxiety, aggression, becoming withdrawn.
Reluctance in undergoing medical examinations.
Who should FGM be reported to?
A mandatory reporting duty for FGM requires regulated health and social care professionals and teachers in England and Wales to report known cases of FGM in under 18-year-olds to the police. The FGM duty came into force on 31 October 2015.
Who is most at risk for FGM?
FGM is most often carried out on young girls aged between infancy and 15 years old.
What is the penalty for FGM?
To reflect the serious harm caused, the 2003 Act increased the maximum penalty for any of the FGM offences from five to 14 years’ imprisonment. mobilising domestic and international efforts to end FGM.
Is FGM still practiced today?
More than 200 million girls and women alive today have been cut in 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia where FGM is concentrated (1). FGM is mostly carried out on young girls between infancy and age 15. FGM is a violation of the human rights of girls and women.03-Feb-2020
What’s the penalty for FGM?
The criminal offence of FGM and the associated offences listed above are punishable by up to 14 years imprisonment, or a fine, or both. The courts also have the ability to make an FGMPO even if the defendants are not found guilty. The court can also make restraining orders against the defendants.
What is female mutilation in Egypt?
Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The procedure has no health benefits for girls and women.
Is a circumcision painful